Checkmate heat map

Keywords: processing step, amateur level, position, game, file, output, rid, fen, lichess, rating, guess, play, heat. Powered by TextRank.

This is a small experiment on a visualization of the squares that had the most check mates delivered on. The dataset is from lichess and not filtered on rating. I guess that the most check mates would happen at the castled position at amateur level of play and the heat map confirms that.

First off we need to do some pre-processing for our PGN files. This is not strictly necessary as you can use the excellent python-chess module to parse them but it's a lot faster if we turn it into a pattern matching problem rather that parsing the the whole game. We will use the pgn-extract utility for this processing step:

!pgn-extract --dropply -1 -V -C -N -F --notags --nomovenumbers -s --linelength 10000 -M lichess_db_standard_rated_2016-09.pgn > matefen

The idea here is to goto the final position of the game --dropply -1 , suppress unnecessary output --notags --nomovenumbers -V -C -N -s , output a FEN string -F , make sure everything is on one line (for easier processing) --linelength 10000 and only export games that ended in a checkmate -M .

Depending on your machine and the number of games you are processing this command could take a while. After it's complete you should have a file like this

dendiz@minipc-GN41:~/tmp$ head matefen
Qa7# { "8/q7/8/8/8/8/K1k5/8 w - - 16 69" } 0-1
Qdd1# { "1k6/8/pp6/8/P2p4/8/2q5/3q2K1 w - - 4 52" } 0-1
Rd8# { "3r3K/4q2p/6pk/5p2/8/8/8/8 w - - 15 70" } 0-1
Qxg7# { "rn3rk1/1p3pQp/p2q4/2pPp3/4N3/7P/PP1K4/R5R1 b - - 0 25" } 1-0
Qxc1# { "1kr5/1p4b1/p2p2b1/3Pp1N1/4P3/1P1B1P2/P6Q/1Kq5 w - - 0 33" } 0-1

The next step is to get rid of the extra bits.

cat matefen | cut -d'{' -f2| cut -d'}' -f1 | tr -d '"' |cut -d' ' -f2,3 | grep "\S" > slim-mate.fen

What happens here if that we cut between the {} to get the FEN, then remove the " , then split again on a space and get the second and third columns. Then we get rid of the extra empty lines (You could also chain all of these commands together if you wanted).

After this step the file we have is

dendiz@minipc-GN41:~/app/jupyterhub/notebooks/Blog/files$ head slim-mate.fen
8/q7/8/8/8/8/K1k5/8 w
1k6/8/pp6/8/P2p4/8/2q5/3q2K1 w
3r3K/4q2p/6pk/5p2/8/8/8/8 w
rn3rk1/1p3pQp/p2q4/2pPp3/4N3/7P/PP1K4/R5R1 b

This contains all the information we need (the side being checkmated and the state of the board) to start building a histogram of the squares the kings were checkmated.

import chess.pgn
import chess
import numpy as np
import matplotlib
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import math
with open("slim-mate.fen","r") as infile:
    cols = list("abcdefgh")
    crows = list("87654321")
    histo = [0] * 64
    
    lines = infile.read().splitlines()
    for line in lines[:1000000]:
        king = "K" if line[-1] == "w" else "k"
        ## line is
        ## 1k6/8/pp6/8/P2p4/8/2q5/3q2K1 w
        fen = line[:-2]
        rows = fen.split("/")
        for idx, row in enumerate(rows):
            if king in row:
                col = 0
                for c in row:
                    if c.isnumeric():
                        col += int(c)
                    elif c == king:
                        hist_idx = 8 * idx + col
                        histo[hist_idx] += 1
                    else:
                        col += 1
                        
## normalize the values for the heat map
maxl = max(histo)
histo = [x/maxl for x in histo]
histo = [math.floor(100*x)/100 for x in histo]
## create 8x8 matrix from the flat list
b = [histo[n:n+8] for n in range(0, len(histo), 8)]
b.reverse()
b = np.array(b)
fig, ax = plt.subplots()
ax.set_xticks(np.arange(8))
ax.set_yticks(np.arange(8))
ax.set_xticklabels(cols)
ax.set_yticklabels(crows)
im = ax.imshow(b)
for i in range(8):
    for j in range(8):
        text = ax.text(j, i, b[i, j],
                       ha="center", va="center", color="w")
fig.tight_layout()
plt.show()

eaa68c29b4e5a31141fe56b70deb818a.th.png original


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First published on 2021-02-20

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